Abstract Title:

The protective potential of Yucca schidigera (Sarsaponin 30) against nitrite-induced oxidative stress in rats.

Abstract Source:

Nat Med (Tokyo).2009 Jul;63(3):311-7. Epub 2009 May 12. PMID: 19434470

Abstract Author(s):

I Hakki Cigerci, A Fatih Fidan, Muhsin Konuk, Hayati Yuksel, Ismail Kucukkurt, Abdullah Eryavuz, Nalan Baysu Sozbilir


The present study was designed to determine the protective effects of Yucca schidigera (Ys) against oxidative damage induced by acute nitrite intoxication as well as the histopathological evaluation of Ys in rats. The rats were divided into three groups each containing 12 rats: control (C); nitrite intoxication (N); Ys + nitrite intoxication (NY). C and N groups were fed standard rat feed (SRF). The NY group was fed SRF + 100 ppm Ys powder for 4 weeks. Acute nitrite intoxication was induced by subcutaneous (s.c.) administration of sodium nitrite (60 mg/kg) 1 day after the feeding period. Fifty minutes after sodium nitrite administration, blood samples and tissues including lung, liver, and kidney were collected for clinical biochemistry and histopathological investigations. Ys treatment was found to decrease methemoglobin, blood and tissue malondialdehyde, and tissue nitric oxide concentrations, and to increase the glutathione in blood and various tissues. However, plasma nitric oxide, total antioxidant activity, beta-carotene, and vitamin A did not differ between N and NY groups. While the N group rats showed distinct pathology in various tissues (compared with controls), the NY group had similar lung and liver pathology to the control. Only moderate or mild hemorrhage and hyperemia were seen in kidneys of NY group rats. Consequently, the natural compounds found in Ys, such as polyphenols, steroidal saponins, and other phytonutrients, could be used to substantially protect the organism from nitrite-induced oxidative damage and its complications.

Study Type : Animal Study
Additional Links
Pharmacological Actions : Antioxidants : CK(21528) : AC(8856)
Additional Keywords : Yucca Schidigera : CK(8) : AC(0)

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