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Abstract Title:

Nonpharmaceutical Measures for Pandemic Influenza in Nonhealthcare Settings-Personal Protective and Environmental Measures.

Abstract Source:

Emerg Infect Dis. 2020 May ;26(5):967-975. Epub 2020 May 17. PMID: 32027586

Abstract Author(s):

Jingyi Xiao, Eunice Y C Shiu, Huizhi Gao, Jessica Y Wong, Min W Fong, Sukhyun Ryu, Benjamin J Cowling

Article Affiliation:

Jingyi Xiao

Abstract:

There were 3 influenza pandemics in the 20th century, and there has been 1 so far in the 21st century. Local, national, and international health authorities regularly update their plans for mitigating the next influenza pandemic in light of the latest available evidence on the effectiveness of various control measures in reducing transmission. Here, we review the evidence base on the effectiveness of nonpharmaceutical personal protective measures and environmental hygiene measures in nonhealthcare settings and discuss their potential inclusion in pandemic plans. Although mechanistic studies support the potential effect of hand hygiene or face masks, evidence from 14 randomized controlled trials of these measures did not support a substantial effect on transmission of laboratory-confirmed influenza. We similarly found limited evidence on the effectiveness of improved hygiene and environmental cleaning. We identified several major knowledge gaps requiring further research, most fundamentally an improved characterization of the modes of person-to-person transmission.

Study Type : Review

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Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

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