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Abstract Title:

Effect of ethyl acetate extract of usnea longissima on esophagogastric adenocarcinoma in rats1.

Abstract Source:

Acta Cir Bras. 2019 Mar 18 ;34(3):e201900305. Epub 2019 Mar 18. PMID: 30892391

Abstract Author(s):

Renad Mammadov, Bahadir Suleyman, Durdu Altuner, Elif Demirci, Nihal Cetin, Adnan Yilmaz, Huseyin Baykal, Hilal Alpcan, Emine Akyuz Turumtay, Halis Suleyman

Article Affiliation:

Renad Mammadov

Abstract:

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of the EtOAc extract of U. longissima which is uninvestigated previously on esophagogastric cancer induced in rats with N-methyl-N-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidin (MNNG).

METHODS: The anticancer activity of EtOAc extract of U. longissima was examined in the esophagogastric adenocarcinoma models induced in rats with MNNG. EtOAc extract of U. longissima, 50 and 100 mg/kg oral doses were administered once daily for six months. MNNG induced differentiated and undifferentiated type adenocarcinomas in the esophageal and gastric tissues of rats.

RESULTS: EtOAc extract of U. longissima obtained from U. longissima prevented gastric and esophageal cancerogenesis induced in rats with MNNG. EtOAc extract of U. longissima did not have a lethal effect at doses of 500, 1000 and 2000 mg/kg. The prominent anticarcinogenic activity of EtOAc extract of U. longissima 50 and 100 mg/kg suggests that it is not toxic and it is selective to the cancer tissue.

CONCLUSION: This information may shed light on clinical implementation of EtOAc extract of U. longissima in future.

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