n/a
Abstract Title:

Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG components, SLP, gDNA and CpG, exert protective effects on mouse macrophages upon lipopolysaccharide challenge.

Abstract Source:

Lett Appl Microbiol. 2020 Feb ;70(2):118-127. Epub 2019 Dec 18. PMID: 31782817

Abstract Author(s):

S R Qi, Y J Cui, J X Liu, X Luo, H F Wang

Article Affiliation:

S R Qi

Abstract:

The aim of this study was to determine whether Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) components (surface layer protein, SLP; genomic DNA, gDNA; unmethylated cytosine-phosphate-guanine-containing oligodeoxynucleotide, CpG-ODN), alone or in combination, could affect immunomodulation, and evaluate the signalling mechanism in mouse macrophage RAW264.7 cells challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). LGG components were used to treat cells before LPS stimulation. Cytokine and Toll-like receptor (TLR) expression were assessed using real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), extracellular regulated protein kinase (ERK) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signalling pathways were evaluated using immunoblots and immunofluorescence. SLP or SLP + gDNA pre-treatment significantly reduced the LPS-induced mRNA expression of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Pre-treatment with LGG single components (SLP, gDNA or CpG) or their combinations (SLP + gDNA or SLP + CpG) significantly decreased the LPS-induced interleukin-6 (IL-6) mRNA level (P < 0·05). Pre-treatment with SLP or gDNA, alone or in combination, significantly suppressed LPS-induced TLR2 and TLR4 mRNA levels (P < 0·05). SLP pre-treatment also significantly decreased the LPS-induced expression of TLR9 (P < 0·05). Pre-treatment with LGG single components or combinations significantly suppressed the LPS-induced phosphorylation levels of ERK (P > 0·05). In conclusion, pre-incubation with LGG components, singly or in combination, generally inhibited the activation of TLR, MAPK and NF-κB signalling pathways in LPS-stimulated cells, leading to attenuated inflammatory cytokine TNF-α and IL-6 production. These results indicate that nonviableprobiotic LGG components exert an anti-inflammation effect on epithelial cells. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) is widely used as probiotics. However, its main components are not well known for affecting immunomodulation. This study investigated the effects ofpre-treatments with different components such as surface layer protein, genomic DNA and unmethylated cytosine-phosphate-guanine-containing oligodeoxynucleotides, alone or in combination on immunomodulation, and evaluated the signalling mechanism in mouse macrophage RAW264.7 cells challenged with lipopolysaccharide. Pre-incubation with components alone or in combination generally inhibited the activation of Toll-like receptor, mitogen-activated protein kinases, extracellular regulated protein kinases and nuclear factor-kappa B signalling pathways in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated cells, which generally leads to attenuated inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 and tumour necrosis factor alpha production. These results indicate that nonviable probiotic LGG components exert an anti-inflammation effect on epithelial cells.

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.