Abstract Title:

Cigarette smoking and urinary incontinence in women--a new calculative method of estimating the exposure to smoke.

Abstract Source:

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1995 Nov;63(1):27-30. PMID: 8674561

Abstract Author(s):

P Tampakoudis, T Tantanassis, G Grimbizis, M Papaletsos, S Mantalenakis

Article Affiliation:

Department of Obstet Gynecol, Aristotelian University of Thessaloniki, Greece.


The aim of the study was to investigate the relation between cigarette smoking and urinary incontinence. A group of 80 women with incontinence (Group A) were tested urodynamically and compared with a group of 80 continent women (Group B). Patients were divided into smokers (S) and non-smokers (NS) with the incontinent ones classified as suffering from stress (SI) or motor in-continent (UI). The assessment of the smoking behavior of each individual focused upon the tar and nicotine content of each cigarette. The overall exposure to smoke was assessed as follows: tar/nicotine content in mg per cigarette x consumed cigarettes per day x duration of smoking intervals in years. According to the obtained data smokers were divided into current smokers (cs) and stop/start smokers (sss), whereas the current smokers were subdivided into heavy current smokers (hcs) and light current smokers (lcs). Significantly, more S were observed in Group A compared with Group B (48/80 vs. 11/32, P<0.0005), whereas significantly more SI was found in NS compared with S (21/32 vs. 19/48, P<0.0025). Particularly hcs developed more frequently UI than SI, although this difference had no statistical significance. According to our data smoking women are more likely to develop incontinence, especially motor incontinence, than non-smokers. Heavy smokers seem to tend more to UI.

Study Type : Human Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.