Abstract Title:

S-Adenosylmethionine Rescues Cognitive Deficits in the rTg4510 Animal Model by Stabilizing Protein Phosphatase 2A and Reducing Phosphorylated Tau.

Abstract Source:

J Alzheimers Dis. 2020 ;77(4):1705-1715. PMID: 32925070

Abstract Author(s):

Leah C Beauchamp, Xiang M Liu, Amelia Sedjahtera, Mirjana Bogeski, Laura J Vella, Ashley I Bush, Paul A Adlard, Kevin J Barnham

Article Affiliation:

Leah C Beauchamp


BACKGROUND: Alterations in the methionine cycle and abnormal tau phosphorylation are implicated in many neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease and frontotemporal dementia. rTg4510 mice express mutant human P301L tau and are a model of tau hyperphosphorylation. The cognitive deficit seen in these animals correlates with a burden of hyperphosphorylated tau and is a model to test therapies aimed at lowering phosphorylated tau.

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to increase protein phosphatase 2A activity through supplementation of S-adenosylmethionine and analyze the effect on spatial memory and tau in treated animals.

METHODS: 6-month-old rTg4510 mice were treated with 100 mg/kg S-adenosylmethionine by oral gavage for 3 weeks. Spatial recognition memory was tested in the Y-maze. Alterations to phosphorylated tau and protein phosphatase 2A were explored using immunohistochemistry, western blot, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays.

RESULTS: Treatment with S-adenosylmethionine increased the Y-maze novel arm exploration time and increased both the expression and activity of protein phosphatase 2A. Furthermore, treatment reduced the number of AT8 positive neurons and reduced the expression of phosphorylated tau (Ser202/Thr205). S-adenosylmethionine contributes to multiple pathways in neuronal homeostasis and neurodegeneration.

CONCLUSION: This study shows that supplementation with S-adenosylmethionine stabilizes the heterotrimeric form of PP2A resulting in an increase the enzymatic activity, a reduced level of pathological tau, and improved cognition.

Study Type : Animal Study

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