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Abstract Title:

Extracts Enhance DNA Repair Response in UVB Damaged HaCaT Cells.

Abstract Source:

Nutrients. 2021 Apr 12 ;13(4). Epub 2021 Apr 12. PMID: 33921322

Abstract Author(s):

Hyuna Lee, Eunmi Park

Article Affiliation:

Hyuna Lee

Abstract:

Physiological processes in skin are associated with exposure to UV light and are essential for skin maintenance and regeneration. Here, we investigated whether the leaf and callus extracts of, a well-known Asian herb, affect DNA damage response and repair in skin and keratinocytes exposed to Untraviolet B (UVB) light. First, we examined the protective effects ofleaf extracts in UVB damaged mouse skin in vivo. Second, we cultured calluses using plant tissue culture technology, fromleaf explant and then examined the effects of the leaf and callus extracts ofon UVB exposed keratinocytes. HaCaT cells treated with leaf and callusextracts exhibited antioxidant activities, smaller DNA fragment tails, and enhanced colony formation after UVB exposure. Interestingly, keratinocytes treated with the leaf and callus extracts ofshowed G1/S cell cycle arrest, reduced protein levels of cyclin D1, Cyclin Dependent Kinase 6 (CDK6), andγHAX, and enhanced levels of phosphorylated checkpoint kinase 1 (pCHK1) following UVB exposure. These observations suggest that the leaf and callus extracts ofare candidate nutraceuticals for the prevention of keratinocyte aging.

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