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Abstract Title:

An acidic polysaccharide (AGC3) isolated from North American ginseng () suspension culture as a potential immunomodulatory nutraceutical.

Abstract Source:

Curr Res Food Sci. 2020 Nov ;3:207-216. Epub 2020 Aug 5. PMID: 32914137

Abstract Author(s):

Rajarshi Ghosh, Daniel L Bryant, Brock A Arivett, Shannon A Smith, Elliot Altman, Paul C Kline, Anthony L Farone

Article Affiliation:

Rajarshi Ghosh

Abstract:

Polysaccharides isolated fromroots are widely used as nutraceuticals due to their immunomodulatory properties. Despite their popularity, several challenges exist in isolating ginseng root polysaccharides such as batch-to-batch structural inconsistencies and bacterial endotoxin contamination. A plant tissue culture-based platform offers a potential solution to isolate natural polysaccharide fractions with consistent chemical characteristics and reduced endotoxin content. In this study, an acidic polysaccharide fraction (AGC3) with immunomodulatory properties was isolated fromsuspension cultures. The heterogeneous fraction (molecular weight: 4.81 and 32.14 kDa), purified by anion exchange chromatography, was predominantly composed of galactose (>60%) along with the presence of rhamnose, arabinose, glucose, glucuronic acid and galacturonic acid. The major glycosidic linkages were found to be t-Gal(47.7%), 4-Gal(15.6%), 2,4-Rha(8.1%), 6-Gal(8.1%) and 4-GalA(6.8%). Structural analyses indicated the presence of a pectic rhamnogalacturonan I polysaccharide in AGC3. AGC3 significantly ( < 0.05) stimulated RAW 264.7 murine macrophage cells and primary murine splenocytes by enhancing the production of several immunomodulatory mediators such as IL-6, TNF-α, GM-CSF and MCP-1The results also indicated the putative roles of NF-κB (p65/RelA) and MAPK (p38) signaling pathways in the immunostimulatory response. Additionally, AGC3 induced murine splenocyte proliferation, another major indicator of immunostimulation. Overall, AGC3 has the potential to be used as an immunostimulatory nutraceutical.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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