Abstract Title:

Reduced solar activity favors twin maternities.

Abstract Source:

Twin Res Hum Genet. 2012 Feb ;15(1):133-7. PMID: 22784464

Abstract Author(s):

Vladimir N Melnikov

Article Affiliation:

Vladimir N Melnikov


Mechanisms underlying effects of physical factors on twin births are unclear. The present work studied an association between monthly and yearly multiple birth rates (MBRs) in the Novosibirsk region, south-west Siberia, in relation to solar activity (sunspot numbers) and geomagnetic activity (Ap index) from 1957 to 2008. The difference was verified by comparing the yearly MBR observed in 3-year peaks (M = 7.36, SD = 0.33 per 1,000 births) and 3-year troughs (M = 8.10, SD = 0.31 per 1,000 births, p<.001) of an 11-year solar cycle. An inverse correlation (r = -.60, p<.001) was found between sunspot numbers and MBR for a lag of 1 year. Cross-spectral analysis of a 52-year time series established a common signal with the period of 10.5 years, as well as high coherence (K(2) = 0.87). The multiple regression analysis revealed a significant interaction of solar and geomagnetic effects upon the frequency of twin maternities. The results show that elevated solar activity within the 11-year cycle coinciding with the time of conception inhibits multiple births in a manner depending on geomagnetic activity. It is hypothesized that the likely mechanism underlying the association is early fetal loss induced by solar radiation/flux and its terrestrial mediators.

Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Additional Keywords : Geomagnetic Activity

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