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Abstract Title:

Lime ((Christm.) Swingle) Essential Oils: Volatile Compounds, Antioxidant Capacity, and Hypolipidemic Effect.

Abstract Source:

Foods. 2019 Sep 7 ;8(9). Epub 2019 Sep 7. PMID: 31500259

Abstract Author(s):

Li-Yun Lin, Cheng-Hung Chuang, Hsin-Chun Chen, Kai-Min Yang

Article Affiliation:

Li-Yun Lin

Abstract:

Lime peels are mainly obtained from the byproducts of the juice manufacturing industry, which we obtained and used to extract essential oil (2.3%) in order to examine the antioxidant and hypolipidaemic effects. We identified 60 volatile compounds of lime essential oil (LEO) with GC/MS, of which the predominant constituents were limonene,γ-terpinene, and β-pinene. Lime essential oil was measured according to the DPPH assay and ABTS assay, with ICvalues of 2.36 mg/mL and 0.26 mg/mL, respectively. This study also explored the protective effects of LEO against lipid-induced hyperlipidemia in a rat model. Two groups of rats received oral LEO in doses of 0.74 g/100 g and 2.23 g/100 g with their diets. Eight weeks later, we found that the administration of LEO improved the serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase, and aspartate transaminase levels in the hyperlipidemic rats (<0.05). Simultaneously, the LEO improved the health of the rats in terms of obesity, atherogenic index, and fatty liver.

Study Type : Animal Study

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