Abstract Title:

Immunogenicity and Safety of a Sabin Strain-Based Inactivated Polio Vaccine: A Phase 3 Clinical Trial.

Abstract Source:

J Infect Dis. 2019 Oct 8 ;220(10):1551-1557. PMID: 30958543

Abstract Author(s):

Yuemei Hu, Jianfeng Wang, Gang Zeng, Kai Chu, Deyu Jiang, Fengdong Zhu, Zhifang Ying, Lei Chen, Changgui Li, Fengcai Zhu, Weidong Yin

Article Affiliation:

Yuemei Hu


BACKGROUND: The Sabin strain-based inactivated polio vaccine (sIPV) plays a vital role in eradicating poliomyelitis in developing countries.

METHODS: The study was designed as a randomized, controlled, double-blinded, noninferiority trial. A total of 1200 healthy infants aged 60-90 days were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive 3 doses of either sIPV (the experimental arm) or IPV (the control arm) at days 0, 30, and 60. Immunogenicity and safety outcomes were assessed using the per-protocol and safety populations, respectively.

RESULTS: A total of 553 and 562 participants in the sIPV and IPV groups, respectively, were included in the per-protocol population. Seroconversion rates in the sIPV and IPV groups were 98.0% and 94.1%, respectively, for type 1 poliovirus (P<.01); 94.8% and 84.0%, respectively, for type 2 (P<.01); and 98.9% and 97.7%, respectively, for type 3 (P = .11). A total of 599 and 600 participants in the sIPV and IPV groups, respectively, were included in the safety population. Fever was the most common adverse event, occurring in 61.6% and 49.8% of participants in the experimental and control arms, respectively (P<.01).

CONCLUSIONS: The sIPV demonstrated an immunogenicity profile noninferior to that of the conventional IPV and had a good safety profile.


Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Vaccination: Polio : CK(309) : AC(65)

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