Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Ginsenoside Rg3 inhibits pulmonary fibrosis by preventing HIF-1α nuclear localisation.

Abstract Source:

BMC Pulm Med. 2021 Feb 27 ;21(1):70. Epub 2021 Feb 27. PMID: 33639908

Abstract Author(s):

Zhuo Fu, Yong-Sheng Xu, Chun-Quan Cai

Article Affiliation:

Zhuo Fu


BACKGROUND: Excessive fibroblast proliferation during pulmonary fibrosis leads to structural abnormalities in lung tissue and causes hypoxia and cell injury. However, the mechanisms and effective treatment are still limited.

METHODS: In vivo, we used bleomycin to induce pulmonary fibrosis in mice. IHC and Masson staining were used to evaluate the inhibitory effect of ginsenoside Rg3 in pulmonary fibrosis. In vitro, scanning electron microscopy, transwell and wound healing were used to evaluate the cell phenotype of LL 29 cells. In addition, biacore was used to detect the binding between ginsenoside Rg3 and HIF-1α.

RESULTS: Here, we found that bleomycin induces the activation of the HIF-1α/TGFβ1 signalling pathway and further enhances the migration and proliferation of fibroblasts through the epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT). In addition, molecular docking and biacore results indicated that ginsenoside Rg3 can bind HIF-1α. Therefore, Ginsenoside Rg3 can slow down the progression of pulmonary fibrosis by inhibiting the nuclear localisation of HIF-1α.

CONCLUSIONS: This finding suggests that early targeted treatment of hypoxia may have potential value in the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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