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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Gestational low-dose BPA exposure impacts suprachiasmatic nucleus neurogenesis and circadian activity with transgenerational effects.

Abstract Source:

Sci Adv. 2021 May ;7(22). Epub 2021 May 28. PMID: 34049886

Abstract Author(s):

Dinushan Nesan, Kira M Feighan, Michael C Antle, Deborah M Kurrasch

Article Affiliation:

Dinushan Nesan

Abstract:

Critical physiological processes such as sleep and stress that underscore health are regulated by an intimate interplay between the endocrine and nervous systems. Here, we asked how fetal exposure to the endocrine disruptor found in common plastics, bisphenol A (BPA), causes lasting effects on adult animal behaviors. Adult mice exposed to low-dose BPA during gestation displayed notable disruption in circadian activity, social interactions, and associated neural hyperactivity, with some phenotypes maintained transgenerationally. Gestational BPA exposure increased vasopressinneurons in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the region that regulates circadian rhythms, of F1 and F3 generations. Mechanistically, BPA increased proliferation of hypothalamic neural progenitors ex vivo and caused precocious neurogenesis in vivo. Co-antagonism of both estrogen and androgen receptors was necessary to block BPA's effects on hypothalamic neural progenitors, illustrating a dual role for these endocrine targets. Together, gestational BPA exposure affects development of circadian centers, with lasting consequences across generations.

Study Type : Animal Study
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Additional Keywords : Transgenerational inheritance

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