Abstract Title:

Cytotoxic effects of gastrodin extracted from the rhizome of Gastrodia elata Blume in glioblastoma cells, but not in normal astrocytes, via the induction of oxidative stress-associated apoptosis that involved cell cycle arrest and p53 activation.

Abstract Source:

Food Chem Toxicol. 2017 Sep ;107(Pt A):280-292. Epub 2017 Jul 6. PMID: 28689919

Abstract Author(s):

Wei-Zhe Liang, Chung-Ren Jan, Shu-Shong Hsu

Article Affiliation:

Wei-Zhe Liang


Researches have been conducted to explore the biological effect of gastrodin, a natural compound extracted from the rhizome of Gastrodia elata Blume, in different models. However, the effects of gastrodin on cytotoxicity, cell cycle distribution and oxidative stress in glia cells have not been explored. The aim of this study was to investigate the cytotoxic effect of gastrodin and its mechanisms in DBTRG-05MG human glioblastoma cells and CTX TNA2 rat astrocytes. In DBTRG-05MG cells but not in CTX TNA2 cells, gastrodin (20-30μM) induced cytotoxicity, G2/M phase cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Regarding oxidative stress, gastrodin (20-30 μM) elevated intracellular ROS levels but reduced GSH levels. Treatment with the antioxidant NAC (10 μM) partially reversed gastrodin-altered antioxidant enzymes levels. Furthermore,gastrodin induced mitochondria-associated apoptosis. The apoptotic effects evoked by gastrodin were partially inhibited by the antioxidant NAC and the pancaspase inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK. Together, in DBTRG-05MG cells, but not in CTX TNA2 cells, gastrodin activated ROS-associated mitochondrial apoptoticpathways that involved cell cycle arrest. These data provide insight into the molecular mechanisms governing the ability of gastrodin to induce cytotoxicity in human glioblastoma cells and further suggest that gastrodin is a new potential agent for the treatment of human gliblasoma.

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