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Abstract Title:

Extra-virgin olive oil and the gut-brain axis: influence on gut microbiota, mucosal immunity, and cardiometabolic and cognitive health.

Abstract Source:

Nutr Rev. 2021 Feb 12. Epub 2021 Feb 12. PMID: 33576418

Abstract Author(s):

Jasmine F Millman, Shiki Okamoto, Taiki Teruya, Tsugumi Uema, Shinya Ikematsu, Michio Shimabukuro, Hiroaki Masuzaki

Article Affiliation:

Jasmine F Millman

Abstract:

Extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO), a popular functional food and major source of fat in the Mediterranean diet, pos sesses a variety of healthful components, including monounsaturated fatty acids and bioactive phenolic compounds that, individually and collectively, exert beneficial effects on cardiometabolic markers of health and act as neuroprotective agents through their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. The gut microbiota and health of the intestinal environment are now considered important factors in the development of obesity, metabolic disease, and even certain neurodegenerative conditions via the gut-brain axis. Recently, data are emerging which demonstrate that the health-promoting benefits of EVOO may also extend to the gut microbiota. In this review, we aimed to examine findings from recent studies regarding the impact of EVOO on gut microbiota and intestinal health and explore how modulations in composition of gut microbiota, production of microbially produced products, and activity and functioning of the mucosal immune systemmay lead to favorable outcomes in cardiovascular, metabolic, and cognitive health.

Study Type : Review

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Sayer Ji
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