Abstract Title:

Feldenkrais method-based exercise improves quality of life in individuals with Parkinson's disease: a controlled, randomized clinical trial.

Abstract Source:

Altern Ther Health Med. 2015 Jan-Feb;21(1):8-14. PMID: 25599428

Abstract Author(s):

Lavinia Teixeira-Machado, Fernanda M Araújo, Fabiane A Cunha, Mayara Menezes, Thainá Menezes, Josimari Melo DeSantana

Article Affiliation:

Lavinia Teixeira-Machado

Abstract:

CONTEXT: Longevity results in changes to patterns of health, with an increased prevalence of chronic diseases. Parkinson's disease (PD) is described as a progressive neurodegenerative disease related to age that influences quality of life (QoL) and leads to depression.

OBJECTIVE: The study intended to assess changes in QoL and depression in older adults with PD through use of Feldenkrais method-based exercise.

DESIGN: The study was a controlled, blinded, and randomized clinical trial.

SETTING: The study occurred at the University Hospital of the Federal University of Sergipe in Aracaju, Sergipe, Brazil.

PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 30 patients, aged between 50 and 70 y, with idiopathic PD, who signed an informed consent form and were randomly assigned to 2 groups: treatment and control.

INTERVENTION: The treatment group underwent 50 sessions of an exercise program based on the Feldenkrais method. The control group received educational lectures during this period. The treatment group's 50 sessions, given 2×/wk on alternate days and lasting 60 min, were conducted in an appropriate room at the hospital.

OUTCOME MEASURES: Two surveys, the Parkinson's Disease Quality of Life (PDQL) questionnaire and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), were administered before and after the sessions for both groups.

RESULTS: After the exercises based on the Feldenkrais method, the treated group showed improvement in QoL scores (P = .004) as well as a reduction in the level of depression (P = .05) compared with the control group.

CONCLUSION: The findings in the current study indicate that it is likely that the practice of a program based on the Feldenkrais method can contribute greatly to the QoL of patients with PD, suggesting the importance of interventions that promote wellness for this population.

Study Type : Human Study

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