Abstract Title:

Discovery of a stable vitamin C glycoside in crab apples (Malus sylvestris).

Abstract Source:

Phytochemistry. 2020 Feb 15 ;173:112297. Epub 2020 Feb 15. PMID: 32070800

Abstract Author(s):

Alistair T Richardson, Jung Cho, Tony K McGhie, David S Larsen, Robert J Schaffer, Richard V Espley, Nigel B Perry

Article Affiliation:

Alistair T Richardson


Non-targeted LC-MS metabolomics on fruit of three wild and domesticated apple species (Malus sylvestris, M. sieversii and M. domestica) showed that two crab apple (M. sylvestris) accessions were distinguished by high concentrations of an ascorbic acid glycoside (AAG). This was partly purified, but key NMR signals were masked by inseparable sucrose. Reference samples of 2-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl L-ascorbic acid and 2-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl L-ascorbic acid were synthesised, but both coincided with the crab apple AAG on LC-MS. Peracetylation of the crab apple extract allowed both purification and characterisation, and the AAG was proven to be 2-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl L-ascorbic acid by comparison ofH NMR, HRMS and HPLC data with synthesised peracetylated ascorbyl glycoside standards. The stability of the natural AA 2-β-glycoside was similar to synthetic 2-O-α-D-glucopyranosyl L-ascorbic acid, used widely in cosmetic and pharmaceutical products. This discovery in crab apples (Rosaceae) is only the fourth reported occurrence of any ascorbyl glycoside from plants, the others being from Cucurbitaceae, Solanaceae and Brassicaceae. It is hypothesised that AAGs may be more widespread in plants than currently realised.

Study Type : In Vitro Study
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