Abstract Title:

Evaluation of antidiabetic properties of cactus pear seed oil in rats.

Abstract Source:

Pharm Biol. 2014 Oct ;52(10):1286-90. Epub 2014 Jul 15. PMID: 25026333

Abstract Author(s):

Ali Berraaouan, Abderrahim Ziyyat, Hassane Mekhfi, Abdelkhaleq Legssyer, Marianne Sindic, Mohammed Aziz, Mohamed Bnouham

Article Affiliation:

Ali Berraaouan


CONTEXT: Cactus pear (Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. (Cactaceae)) is a medicinal plant widely used to treat diabetes.

OBJECTIVE: This work investigates the hypoglycemic and antihyperglycemic effect of cactus pear seed oil (CPSO), its mechanism of action, and any toxic effects.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The hypoglycemic effect of CPSO was evaluated in groups of six healthy Wistar rats given 1 or 2 ml kg(-1) orally and compared with groups receiving glibenclamide (2 mg kg(-1)) or water. Glycemia was determined after 30, 60, 120, 240, and 360 min. The antihyperglycemic effect of CPSO was determined in healthy rats and in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats (STZ); normal rats received 0.8 ml kg(-1) CPSO, while diabetic rats received 1 ml kg(-1) CPSO, their controls received water or 2 mg kg(-1) glibenclamide. For the antihyperglycemic effect evaluation, all the animals were fasted for 16 h before treatment and received glucose orally at 1 g kg(-1) 30 min after treatment; blood was taken after 30, 90, 150, and 210 min. Intestinal glucose absorption was estimated in rat jejunum perfused with a solution containing 5.55 mmol l(-1) glucose. Acute toxicity was determined in albino mice that received oral or intraperitoneal doses of 1, 3, or 5 ml kg(-1) CPSO.

RESULTS: CPSO (p.o.) decreased postprandial hyperglycemia (60 min after glucose loading), 40.33% and 16.01%, in healthy and STZ-diabetic glucose-loaded rats, respectively. CPSO, also, significantly decreased intestinal glucose absorption by 25.42%. No adverse effects were seen in mice administered CPSO at up to 5 ml kg(-1).

CONCLUSION: CPSO is antihyperglycemic. The effect can be explained partly by inhibition of intestinal glucose absorption.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.