Abstract Title:

[Enhancement of gastric cancer MKN28 cell line radiosensitivity induced byβ-elemene].

Abstract Source:

Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2014 Jun ;52(6):442-5. PMID: 25219560

Abstract Author(s):

Shicai He, Junsong Liu, Zhengliang Zhang, Xiangming Che, Lin Fan, Shuai Chang, Guanglin Qiu, Wei Zhao

Article Affiliation:

Shicai He


OBJECTIVE: To study radiation-enhancing effects on human gastric cancer MKN28 cell line and underlying mechanisms ofβ-elemene.

METHODS: Inhibition of MKN28 cell proliferation at different concentrations ofβ-elemene was assessed using the methyl thiazolyl blue colorimetric method (MTT method), with calculation of IC50 value and choice of 20% of the IC50 as the experimental drug concentration. Irradiation group and β-elemene+irradiation group were established, and the cell survival fraction (SF) wascalculated from flat panel colony forming analysis, and fitted by the 'multitarget click mathematical model'. Draw the survival curve and get the radiobiological parameters D0, Dq, SF2, N and SER. Flow cytometry (FCM) was used to detect changes in the cell cycle and cell apoptosis rates was detectedby Annexin-V/PI assay.

RESULTS: β-elemene exerted inhibitory effects on proliferation of gastric cancer MKN28 cells, with an IC50 of 45.6 mg/L and we chose 8 mg/L as the experimental concentration. The cell survival fraction of MKN28 cells with irradiation decreased significantly after treated with β-elemene; D0, Dq decreased, SER = 1.3. After combined treatment of β-elemene+irradiation, the results of FCM showed that cells could be arrested in the G2/M phase and the cell apoptosis increased significantly.

CONCLUSIONS: β-elemene can enhance the radiosensitivity of gastric cancer MKN28 cell line. Mechanistically, β-elemene mainly influences the cell cycle distribution of MKN28 cells by inducing G2/M phase arrest, inhibits the repair of sublethal damage and induces cell apoptosis to enhance the killing effects ofradioactive rays.

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.