Abstract Title:

Berberine inhibits human neuroblastoma cell growth through induction of p53-dependent apoptosis.

Abstract Source:

Anticancer Res. 2008 Nov-Dec;28(6A):3777-84. PMID: 19189664

Abstract Author(s):

Myoung Suk Choi, Dong Yeon Yuk, Ju Hoon Oh, Hai Young Jung, Sang Bae Han, Dong Cheul Moon, Jin Tae Hong


Berberine, an alkaloid, has anti-tumor properties in some cancer cells, but action mechanisms are not clear yet. We here investigated the anticancer activity of berberine and possible mechanisms in human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH and SK-N-MC cells. The p53-expressing cells, SK-N-SH (IC50=37 microM) were more susceptible to berberine than the p53-deficient cells, SK-N-MC (IC50>or =100 microM) without cytotoxic effect on the cortical neuronal cells. Berberine caused cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 phase and apoptotic cell death, and these effects were much greater in SK-N-SH cells than those in SK-N-MC cells. Berberine much greatly decreased G0/G1 phase-associated cyclin and cyclin-dependent kinase (cyclin D1, cyclin E, Cdk2, and Cdk4) expression, and increased apoptotic gene expression and activation of caspase-3 in SK-N-SH cells. Exploration of p53 siRNA or pifithrin-alpha (PFT-alpha), a p53 inhibitor, in the SK-N-SH cells resulted in increase of IC50 values for cell viability, and decreased apoptotic cell death, expression of p53 and activation of caspase-3. Therefore, these results showed that berberine causes p53-dependent apoptotic death of neuroblastoma cells, and suggested that berberine may be useful as an anticancer agent for neuroblastoma.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.