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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Astaxanthin improves stem cell potency via an increase in the proliferation of neural progenitor cells.

Abstract Source:

Int J Mol Sci. 2010 ;11(12):5109-19. Epub 2010 Dec 9. PMID: 21614195

Abstract Author(s):

Jeong-Hwan Kim, Soo-Wan Nam, Byung-Woo Kim, Woobong Choi, Jong-Hwan Lee, Wun-Jae Kim, Yung-Hyun Choi

Article Affiliation:

Jeong-Hwan Kim

Abstract:

The present study was designed to investigate the question of whether or not astaxanthin improves stem cell potency via an increase in proliferation of neural progenitor cells (NPCs). Treatment with astaxanthin significantly increased proliferation and colony formation of NPCs. For identification of possible activated signaling molecules involved in active cell proliferation occurring after astaxanthin treatment, total protein levels of several proliferation-related proteins, and expression levels of proliferation-related transcription factors, were assessed in NPCs. In Western blot analysis, astaxanthin induced significant activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and its downstream mediators in a time-dependent manner. Results of RT-PCR analysis showed upregulation of proliferation-related transcription factors and stemness genes. To estimate the relevance of PI3K and mitogen-activated protein, or extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase (MEK) signaling pathways in cell growth of astaxanthin-treated NPCs, inhibition assays were performed with LY294002, a specific inhibitor of PI3K, and PD98059, a specific inhibitor of MEK, respectively. These results clearly showed that astaxanthin induces proliferation of NPCs via activation of the PI3K and MEK signaling pathways and improves stem cell potency via stemness acting signals.

Study Type : Human In Vitro
Additional Links
Pharmacological Actions : Regenerative : CK(408) : AC(172)

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