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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Camphor and Eucalyptol-Anticandidal Spectrum, Antivirulence Effect, Efflux Pumps Interference and Cytotoxicity.

Abstract Source:

Int J Mol Sci. 2021 Jan 6 ;22(2). Epub 2021 Jan 6. PMID: 33418931

Abstract Author(s):

Marija Ivanov, Abhilash Kannan, Dejan S Stojković, Jasmina Glamočlija, Ricardo C Calhelha, Isabel C F R Ferreira, Dominique Sanglard, Marina Soković

Article Affiliation:

Marija Ivanov

Abstract:

represents one of the most common fungal pathogens. Due to its increasing incidence and the poor efficacy of available antifungals, finding novel antifungal molecules is of great importance. Camphor and eucalyptol are bioactive terpenoid plant constituents and their antifungal properties have been explored previously. In this study, we examined their ability to inhibit the growth of differentspecies in suspension and biofilm, to block hyphal transition along with their impact on genes encoding for efflux pumps (and), ergosterol biosynthesis (), and cytotoxicity to primary liver cells. Camphor showed excellent antifungal activity with a minimal inhibitory concentration of 0.125-0.35 mg/mL while eucalyptol was active in the range of 2-23 mg/mL. The results showed camphor's potential to reduce fungal virulence traits, that is, biofilm establishment and hyphae formation. On the other hand, camphor and eucalyptol treatments upregulatedwas positively regulated after eucalyptol application while camphor downregulated it. Neither had an impact onexpression. The beneficial antifungal activities of camphor were achieved with an amount that was non-toxic to porcine liver cells, making it a promising antifungal compound for future development. The antifungal concentration of eucalyptol caused cytotoxic effects and increased expression of efflux pump genes, which suggests that it is an unsuitable antifungal candidate.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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