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Abstract Title:

The Acute and Chronic Cognitive Effects of a Sage Extract: A Randomized, Placebo Controlled Study in Healthy Humans.

Abstract Source:

Nutrients. 2021 Jan 14 ;13(1). Epub 2021 Jan 14. PMID: 33466627

Abstract Author(s):

Emma L Wightman, Philippa A Jackson, Bethany Spittlehouse, Thomas Heffernan, Damien Guillemet, David O Kennedy

Article Affiliation:

Emma L Wightman

Abstract:

The sage () plant contains a host of terpenes and phenolics which interact with mechanisms pertinent to brain function and improve aspects of cognitive performance. However, previous studies in humans have looked at these phytochemicals in isolation and following acute consumption only. A preclinical in vivo study in rodents, however, has demonstrated improved cognitive outcomes following 2-week consumption of Cognivia, a proprietary extract of bothpolyphenols andterpenoids, suggesting that a combination of phytochemicals from sage might be more efficacious over a longer period of time. The current study investigated the impact of this sage combination on cognitive functions in humans with acute and chronic outcomes. Participants (= 94, 25 M, 69 F, 30-60 years old) took part in this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel groups design where a comprehensive array of cognitions were assessed 120- and 240-min post-dose acutely and following 29-day supplementation with either 600 mg of the sage combination or placebo. A consistent, significant benefit of the sage combination was observed throughout working memory and accuracy task outcome measures (specifically on the Corsi Blocks, Numeric Working Memory, and Name to Face Recall tasks) both acutely (i.e., changes within day 1 and day 29) and chronically (i.e., changes between day 1 to day 29). These results fall slightly outside of those reported previously with singleadministration, and therefore, a follow-up study with the single and combined extracts is required to confirm how these effects differ within the same cohort.

Study Type : Human Study

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