Abstract Title:

25(OH)D Is Effective to Repress Human Cholangiocarcinoma Cell Growth through the Conversion of 25(OH)D to 1α,25(OH)₂D₃.

Abstract Source:

Int J Mol Sci. 2016;17(8). Epub 2016 Aug 12. PMID: 27529229

Abstract Author(s):

Kun-Chun Chiang, Chun-Nan Yeh, Cheng-Cheng Huang, Ta-Sen Yeh, Jong-Hwei S Pang, Jun-Te Hsu, Li-Wei Chen, Sheng-Fong Kuo, Atsushi Kittaka, Tai C Chen, Horng-Heng Juang

Article Affiliation:

Kun-Chun Chiang

Abstract:

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a devastating disease without effective treatments. 1α,25(OH)₂D₃, the active form of Vitamin D, has emerged as a new anti-cancer regimen. However, the side effect of hypercalcemia impedes its systemic administration. 25(OH)D is biologically inert and needs hydroxylation by CYP27B1 to form 1α,25(OH)₂D₃, which is originally believed to only take place in kidneys. Recently, the extra-renal expression of CYP27B1 has been identified and in vitro conversion of 25(OH)D to 1α,25(OH)₂D₃ has been found in some cancer cells with CYP27B1 expression. In this study, CYP27B1 expression was demonstrated in CCA cells and human CCA specimens. 25(OH)D effectively represses SNU308 cells growth, which was strengthened or attenuated as CYP27B1 overexpression or knockdown. Lipocalcin-2 (LCN2) was also found to be repressed by 25(OH)D. After treatment with 800 ng/mL 25(OH)D, the intracellular 1α,25(OH)₂D₃ concentration was higher in SNU308 cells with CYP27B1 overexpression than wild type SNU308 cells. In a xenograft animal experiment, 25(OH)D, at a dose of 6 μg/kg or 20 μg/kg, significantly inhibited SNU308 cells' growth without inducing obvious side effects. Collectively, our results indicated that SNU308 cells were able to convert 25(OH)D to 1α,25(OH)₂D₃ and 25(OH)D CYP27B1 gene therapy could be deemed as a promising therapeutic direction for CCA.

Study Type : Animal Study, In Vitro Study

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