Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Effect of Vitamin D Supplement on Mood Status and Inflammation in Vitamin D Deficient Type 2 Diabetic Women with Anxiety: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Abstract Source:

Int J Prev Med. 2019 ;10:17. Epub 2019 Feb 12. PMID: 30820304

Abstract Author(s):

Siavash Fazelian, Reza Amani, Zamzam Paknahad, Soleiman Kheiri, Leila Khajehali

Article Affiliation:

Siavash Fazelian


Background: Vitamin D plays an important role in nervous health and depression. Vitamin D deficiency and anxiety affect diabetic status. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of vitamin D supplementation on anxiety, depression, and inflammation in diabetic women with anxiety.

Methods: In this randomized controlled trial, totally 51 women with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and vitamin D deficiency were randomly allocated to receive one oral pearl of 50,000 IU vitamin D3 (26 women) or a placebo (25 women) fortnightly for 16 weeks. Anthropometric indices, sun exposure, dietary intake, depression, anxiety, and stress scores and biochemical biomarkers including high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) were measured at the baseline and after 16-week supplementation.

Results: Mean± SD age of participant was 47.43 ± 9.57 years old. Baseline values were not different between the groups. Anxiety score changes were significantly lower in vitamin D group than the controls (= 0.001). Within group comparison indicated that depression in supplement group with lower vitamin D levels was significantly reduced. Serum hs-CRP reduced (= 0.01), while IL-10 concentrations increased (= 0.04) in the intervention group.

Conclusions: Vitamin D supplementation can improve mood status and anti-inflammatory biomarkers in female diabetics with anxiety and vitamin D deficiency.

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