Abstract Title:

Vitamin D-related immunomodulation in patients with liver cirrhosis.

Abstract Source:

Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2019 Nov 25. Epub 2019 Nov 25. PMID: 31789949

Abstract Author(s):

Christos Triantos, Maria Kalafateli, Ioanna Aggeletopoulou, Georgia Diamantopoulou, Panagiota I Spantidea, Marina Michalaki, Georgia Vourli, Christos Konstantakis, Stelios F Assimakopoulos, Spilios Manolakopoulos, Charalambos Gogos, Venetsana Kyriazopoulou, Athanasia Mouzaki, Konstantinos Thomopoulos

Article Affiliation:

Christos Triantos


OBJECTIVE(S): Increasing evidence indicates that vitamin D status is linked to severity of liver cirrhosis and patients' survival. However, the potential role of vitamin D-related immunomodulation in hepatic decompensation and patients' mortality in relation to vitamin D deficiency remains unknown. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the association between vitamin D status and vitamin D binding protein (VDBP) levels with serum cytokine and lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP) and to examine their role on disease severity and cirrhotics' mortality.

METHODS: One hundred consecutive Caucasian patients with liver cirrhosis were enrolled in the study. 25(OH)D, VDBP, and LBP concentrations were assessed by ELISA. Cytokine tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a), interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-1β, IL-8, IL-10, and IL-12 levels were determined by Cytometric Bead Array.

RESULTS: 25(OH)D levels were inversely correlated with CP score, MELD, IL-6, and CP stage and VDBP levels with CP score, MELD, IL-6, IL-8, LBP, and CP stage. Cirrhotics with 25(OH)D deficiency and severe deficiency had significantly higher CP score, increased IL-6 levels and lower VDBP levels. In the multivariate analysis, the independent prognostic factors associated with patients' survival were CP stage B [hazard ratio = 6.75; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.32, 34.43; P = 0.022], CP stage C (hazard ratio = 7.39; 95% CI 1.41, 38.81; P = 0.018), the presence of hepatocellular carcinoma (hazard ratio = 4.50; 95% CI 1.54, 13.13; P = 0.006) and 25(OH)D levels (hazard ratio = 0.87; 95% CI 0.80, 0.95; P = 0.002).

CONCLUSION: The results show that vitamin D status and VDBP levels are associated with liver cirrhosis severity and patients' mortality, possibly through a proinflammatory immune response.

Study Type : Human Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.