n/a
Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Dietary interventions in blood pressure lowering: current evidence in 2020.

Abstract Source:

Kardiol Pol. 2020 Jun 30. Epub 2020 Jun 30. PMID: 32631027

Abstract Author(s):

Larysa Strilchuk, Raffaele Ivan Cincione, Federica Fogacci, Arrigo F G Cicero

Article Affiliation:

Larysa Strilchuk

Abstract:

Nutrition modification is one of the cornerstones of arterial hypertension (AH) treatment. Current American and European guidelines recommend to ingest fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products, and decrease the consumption of red meat, sugar, and trans fats. The aim of our review is to summarize the available evidence on the topic of dietary patterns associated with lower blood pressure (BP). Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet is able to lower BP equally or even more significantly than some antihypertensive drugs. The Mediterranean diet also leads to the significant reduction in BP. Vegans and vegetarians are showed to have a lower prevalence of AH than omnivores. Caloric restriction may decrease BP in normotensive, prehypertensive and hypertensive populations. BP can also be lowered by certain nutraceuticals (beetroot juice, magnesium, vitamin C, catechin-rich beverages, soy isoflavones etc). Conclusions. Diet effects on BP are mediated by the decrease of body weight, amelioration of inflammation, increase of insulin sensitivity, and antihypertensive effects of some single nutrients. Vegetarian and vegan diets have robust evidence proving their ability to reduce BP. The existence of floor effect makes these diets usable for normo- and prehypertensive people with high risk of developing AH. The dietary and nutraceutical approach to the BP lowering never has to substitute the drug treatment when the latter is needed.

Study Type : Review

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.