Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Thymoquinone inhibits metastasis of renal cell carcinoma cell 786-O-SI3 associating with downregulation of MMP-2 and u-PA and suppression of PI3K/Src signaling.

Abstract Source:

Int J Med Sci. 2019 ;16(5):686-695. Epub 2019 May 10. PMID: 31217736

Abstract Author(s):

Yih-Farng Liou, Yih-Shou Hsieh, Tung-Wei Hung, Pei-Ni Chen, Yan-Zin Chang, Shao-Hsuan Kao, Shu-Wen Lin, Horng-Rong Chang

Article Affiliation:

Yih-Farng Liou


Phytochemicals represent an important source of novel anticancer and chemotherapeutic agents. Thymoquinone (TQ) is the major bioactive phytochemical derived from the seeds ofand has shown potent anticancer activities. In this study, we aimed to investigate the anticancer activity of Thymoquinone on the human renal carcinoma cell 786-O-SI3 and the underlying mechanism. By using cell proliferation assay, wound healing, and invasion assay, we found that Thymoquinone did not affect the viability of 786-O-SI3 and human kidney-2, but clearly inhibited the migration and invasion of 786-O-SI3. Further zymography and immunoblotting analysis showed that Thymoquinone downregulated the activity and expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) and attenuated the adhesion of 786-O-SI3 to type I and type IV collagen. Kinase cascade assay indicated that Thymoquinone inhibited the phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, Akt, Src, and Paxillin. In addition, Thymoquinone also decreased the level of fibronectin, N-cadherin, and Rho A. In parallel, Thymoquinone dose-dependently suppressed the transforming growth factor (TGF)-β-promoted u-PA activity and expression, as well as the cell motility and invasion of 786-O-SI3. Furthermore, tumor xenograft model revealed that Thymoquinoneinhibited the 786-O-SI3 metastasizing to the lung. Collectively, these findings indicate that Thymoquinone inhibits the metastatic ability of 786-O-SI3, suggesting that Thymoquinone might be beneficial to promote the chemotherapy for renal cell carcinoma.

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