Abstract Title:

Effect of thiazolidinediones on bile acid transport in rat liver.

Abstract Source:

Life Sci. 2007 Jan 30;80(8):732-40. Epub 2006 Nov 10. PMID: 17126857

Abstract Author(s):

Kris L Snow, Richard H Moseley

Article Affiliation:

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA.


The thiazolidinedione derivatives, troglitazone, rosiglitazone, and pioglitazone, are novel insulin-sensitizing drugs that are useful in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, hepatotoxicity associated with troglitazone led to its withdrawal from the market in March 2000. In view of case reports of hepatotoxicity from rosiglitazone and pioglitazone, it is unclear whether thiazolidinediones as a class are associated with hepatotoxicity. Although the mechanism of troglitazone-associated hepatotoxicity has not been elucidated, troglitazone and its major metabolite, troglitazone sulfate, competitively inhibit adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-dependent taurocholate transport in isolated rat canalicular liver plasma membrane vesicles mediated by the canalicular bile salt export pump (Bsep). These results suggest that cholestasis may be a factor in troglitazone-associated hepatotoxicity. To determine whether this effect is 1) limited to canalicular bile acid transport and 2) is specific to troglitazone, the effect of troglitazone, rosiglitazone, and ciglitazone on bile acid transport was examined in rat basolateral (blLPM) and canalicular (cLPM) liver plasma membrane vesicles. In cLPM vesicles, troglitazone, rosiglitazone, and ciglitazone (100 microM) all significantly inhibited ATP-dependent taurocholate transport. In blLPM vesicles, these three thiazolidinediones also significantly inhibited Na(+)-dependent taurocholate transport. Inhibition of bile acid transport was concentration dependent and competitive in both cLPM and blLPM vesicles. In conclusion, these findings are consistent with a class effect by thiazolidinediones on hepatic bile acid transport. If hepatotoxicity is associated with this effect, then hepatotoxicity is not limited to troglitazone. Alternatively, if hepatotoxicity is limited to troglitazone, other mechanisms are responsible for its reported hepatotoxicity.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.