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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Galangin Protects against Symptoms of Dextran Sodium Sulfate-induced Acute Colitis by Activating Autophagy and Modulating the Gut Microbiota.

Abstract Source:

Nutrients. 2020 Jan 29 ;12(2). Epub 2020 Jan 29. PMID: 32013062

Abstract Author(s):

Hongzhuan Xuan, Aiqun Ou, Shengyu Hao, Jiajun Shi, Xiaolu Jin

Article Affiliation:

Hongzhuan Xuan

Abstract:

Galangin is a natural flavonoid that has been reported to provide substantial health benefits. Nevertheless, little is known about the potential effects of galangin against inflammatory bowel diseases. Here, an in vivo study was performed to investigate the preventive effects of galangin against dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)-induced acute murine colitis, which mimics the symptoms of human ulcerative colitis (UC). Pre-treatment with galangin (15 mg/kg,) resulted in a significant decreased in the macroscopic signs of DSS-induced colitic symptoms, including a decreased disease activity index, prevention of the colon length shortening, and alleviation of the pathological changes occurring in the colon. Colonic pro-inflammatory mediators, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1 beta, and IL-6, as well as myeloperoxidase activities were decreased following galangin pre-treatment when compared with the DSS control group. Moreover, galangin pre-treatment significantly increased the expressions of autophagy-related proteins and promoted the formation of autophagosome in the colon. Galangin pre-treatment increased the diversity of the gut microbiota, and this was accompanied by increased levels of short-chain fatty acids. These observed changes could involve the modulating effects conferred by galangin in relation to some specific bacteria populations, including the recovery ofspp., and increasedspp. Overall, these results support the use of galangin in the prevention of UC.

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