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Abstract Title:

Fucoidan from Undaria pinnatifida has anti-diabetic effects by stimulation of glucose uptake and reduction of basal lipolysis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.

Abstract Source:

Nutr Res. 2019 May ;65:54-62. Epub 2019 Feb 20. PMID: 30952503

Abstract Author(s):

Sung-Yi Sim, Ye-Eun Shin, Hye-Kyeong Kim

Article Affiliation:

Sung-Yi Sim

Abstract:

Fucoidan, a sulfated polysaccharide derived from brown seaweeds, has been shown to reduce blood glucose levels and improve insulin sensitivity in mice. We investigated the effects of fucoidan on lipid accumulation, lipolysis, and glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 cells to test the hypothesis that fucoidan exerts an anti-diabetic function by acting directly on adipocytes. The 3T3-L1 cells were treated with 10, 50, 100, and 200 μg/mL of fucoidan from Undaria pinnatifida. Oil Red O staining and AdipoRed assay were used to determine lipid accumulation during adipocyte differentiation. Fucoidan was shown to reduce lipid accumulation and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) activity in a dose-dependent manner (P < .01). The expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), a major transcription factor associated with adipocyte differentiation, was also suppressed upon treatment with fucoidan. Treatment with fucoidan stimulated glucose uptake in normal adipocytes and restored insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in obesity-induced insulin resistant adipocytes, which were made by incubating hypertrophied 3T3-L1 cells with the conditioned media of RAW 264.7 macrophages (RAW-CM) (P < .01). In the presence of RAW-CM, fucoidan enhanced epinephrine-stimulated lipolysis but reduced basal lipolysis, as determined by non-esterified fatty acid into the culture medium (P < .001). These results suggest that fucoidan may have anti-diabetic effects by improving insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and inhibiting basal lipolysis in adipocytes without inducing adipogenesis.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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