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Abstract Title:

Paeonol promotes hippocampal synaptic transmission: The role of the Kv2.1 potassium channel.

Abstract Source:

Eur J Pharmacol. 2018 May 15 ;827:227-237. Epub 2018 Mar 15. PMID: 29550337

Abstract Author(s):

Chin-Tsang Yang, Guan-Ling Lu, Sheng-Feng Hsu, Iona MacDonald, Lih-Chu Chiou, Shih-Ya Hung, Yi-Hung Chen

Article Affiliation:

Chin-Tsang Yang

Abstract:

Paeonol is a major constituent of the Chinese herb Moutan cortex radices. Recent studies report that paeonol has neuroprotective effects and improves impaired learning and memory. However, its underlying mechanisms by which paeonol contributes to synaptic transmission remain unclear. In this study, we found that paeonol increased the frequency of miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs) and spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs), but had no effect on the amplitude in rat hippocampal CA1 neurons. Similarly, the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor rivastigmine increased the frequency of mEPSCs, but had no effect upon amplitude in rat hippocampal neurons. Rivastigmine also inhibited the delayed outward Kcurrents in rat hippocampal CA1 neurons, but had no effect in nucleus ambiguus (NA) neurons. The Kv2 blocker guangxitoxin-1E increased the frequency of both mEPSCs and sEPSCs of rat hippocampal CA1 neurons, without affecting their amplitude. Our results suggest that paeonol and rivastigmine enhance spontaneous presynaptic transmitter release, which may be associated with the inhibition of the hippocampal Kv2 current and with therapeutic potential in neurotransmitter deficits found in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Moreover, our data also show that paeonol protects against Aβ-induced impairment of long-term potentiation (LTP) in mouse hippocampal neurons. However, guangxitoxin-1E failed to potentiate the evoked field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs), LTP and Aβ-induced impairment of LTP. These results indicate that paeonol may has the potential to improve learning and memory in AD. Interestingly, this effect is not involved in the inhibition of the hippocampal Kv2 current.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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