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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

The Protective Role of Tanshinone IIA in Silicosis Rat Model via TGF-β1/Smad Signaling Suppression, NOX4 Inhibition and Nrf2/ARE Signaling Activation.

Abstract Source:

Drug Des Devel Ther. 2019 ;13:4275-4290. Epub 2019 Dec 18. PMID: 31908414

Abstract Author(s):

Feifei Feng, Peng Cheng, Huanan Zhang, Nannan Li, Yuxin Qi, Hui Wang, Yongbin Wang, Wei Wang

Article Affiliation:

Feifei Feng

Abstract:

Purpose: Silicosis is an occupational disease caused by inhalation of silica and there are no effective drugs to treat this disease. Tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA), a traditional natural component, has been reported to possess anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-fibrotic properties. The current study's purpose was to examine Tan IIA's protective effects against silica-induced pulmonary fibrosis and to explore the underlying mechanisms.

Methods: 48 male SD rats were randomly divided into four groups (n=12): i) Control group; ii) Silicosis group; iii) Tan IIA group; iv) Silicosis +Tan IIA group. Two days after modeling, the rats of Tan IIA group and Silicosis +Tan IIA group were given intraperitoneal administration 25 mg/kg/d Tan IIA for 40 days. Then, the four groups of rats were sacrificed and the lung inflammatory responses were measured by ELISA, lung damage and fibrosis were analyzed by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and Masson staining, the expression levels of collagen I, fibronectin andα-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were measured by immunohistochemistry. The markers of oxidative stress were measured by commercial kits, and the activity of the TGF-β1/Smad and NOX4, Nrf2/ARE signaling pathways were measured by RT-PCR and Western blotting.

Results: The silica-induced pulmonary inflammtory responses, structural damage and fibrosis were significantly attenuated by Tan IIA treatment. In addition, treatment with Tan IIA decreased collagen I, fibronectin andα-SMA expression, and inhibited TGF-β1/Smad signaling in the lung tissue. The upregulated levels of oxidative stress markers in silicosis rats were also markedly restored following Tan IIA treatment. Furthermore, treatment with Tan IIA reduced NOX4 expression and enhanced activation of the Nrf2/ARE pathway in the lung tissue of silicosis rats.

Conclusion: These findings suggest that Tan IIA may protect lung from silica damage via the suppression of TGF-β1/Smad signaling, inhibition of NOX4 expression and activation of the Nrf2/ARE pathway.

Study Type : Animal Study

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Sayer Ji
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