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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Targeting NF-κB Signaling by Calebin A, a Compound of Turmeric, in Multicellular Tumor Microenvironment: Potential Role of Apoptosis Induction in CRC Cells.

Abstract Source:

Biomedicines. 2020 Jul 22 ;8(8). Epub 2020 Jul 22. PMID: 32708030

Abstract Author(s):

Constanze Buhrmann, Parviz Shayan, Kishore Banik, Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara, Peter Kubatka, Lenka Koklesova, Mehdi Shakibaei

Article Affiliation:

Constanze Buhrmann

Abstract:

Increasing lines of evidence suggest that chronic inflammation mediates most chronic diseases, including cancer. The transcription factor, NF-κB, has been shown to be a major regulator of inflammation and metastasis in tumor cells. Therefore, compounds or any natural agents that can inhibit NF-κB activation have the potential to prevent and treat cancer. However, the mechanism by which Calebin A, a component of turmeric, regulates inflammation and disrupts the interaction between HCT116 colorectal cancer (CRC) cells and multicellular tumor microenvironment (TME) is still poorly understood. The 3D-alginate HCT116 cell cultures in TME were treated with Calebin A, BMS-345541, and dithiothreitol (DTT) and examined for invasiveness, proliferation, and apoptosis. The mechanism of TME-induced malignancy of cancer cells was confirmed by phase contrast, Western blotting, immunofluorescence, and DNA-binding assay. We found through DNA binding assay, that Calebin A inhibited TME-induced NF-κB activation in a dose-dependent manner. Asa result of this inhibition, NF-κB phosphorylation and NF-κB nuclear translocation were down-modulated. Calebin A, or IκB-kinase (IKK) inhibitor (BMS-345541) significantly inhibited the direct interaction of nuclear p65 to DNA, and interestingly this interaction was reversed by DTT. Calebin A also suppressed the expression of NF-κB-promoted anti-apoptotic (Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, survivin), proliferation (Cyclin D1), invasion (MMP-9), metastasis (CXCR4), and down-regulated apoptosis (Caspase-3) gene biomarkers, leading to apoptosis in HCT116 cells. These results suggest that Calebin A can suppressmulticellular TME-promoted CRC cell invasion and malignancy by inhibiting the NF-κB-promoting inflammatory pathway associated with carcinogenesis, underlining the potential of Calebin A for CRC treatment.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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Sayer Ji
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