n/a
Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Taraxasterol protects hippocampal neurons from oxygen-glucose deprivation-induced injury through activation of Nrf2 signalling pathway.

Abstract Source:

Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol. 2020 Dec ;48(1):252-258. PMID: 31851841

Abstract Author(s):

Yun He, Kaifu Jiang, Xue Zhao

Article Affiliation:

Yun He

Abstract:

Cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a brain injury following ischaemic stroke that is associated with oxidative stress. Taraxasterol, a natural product, has been shown to have anti-oxidative and neuro-protective effects. However, the role of taraxasterol in cerebral I/R injury remains unknown. Primary hippocampal neurons were subjected to oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R) to induce cerebral I/R injury. Cell viability of hippocampal neurons was measured CCK-8 assay. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and MDA generation were measured to reflect oxidative stress. Western blotting was performed to evaluate the expressions of bax, bcl-2, NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), haem oxygenase (HO-1), NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO-1) and GPx-3. Caspase-3 activity was measured to assess cell apoptosis. Hippocampal neurons were treated with ML385 to inhibit Nrf2 signalling pathway. Our results showed that taraxasterol improved OGD/R-caused decrease in cell viability of hippocampal neurons. In addition, taraxasterol significantly suppressed ROS production and MDA generation in OGD/R-induced hippocampal neurons. Taraxasterol resulted in a significant decrease in caspase-3 activity and bcl-2 expression, as well as increase in bax expression. Furthermore, taraxasterol induced the Nrf2 nuclear accumulation and expressions of HO-1, NQO-1 and GPx-3 in OGD/R-induced hippocampal neurons. Notably, inhibition of Nrf2 signalling reversed the protective effects of taraxasterol on OGD/R-induced hippocampal neurons injury. In conclusion, these findings indicated that taraxasterol protected hippocampal neurons from OGD/R-induced oxidative stress and cell apoptosisregulating the Nrf2 signalling pathway.

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.