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Abstract Title:

Sulforaphane reduces YAP/∆Np63α signaling to reduce cancer stem cell survival and tumor formation.

Abstract Source:

Oncotarget. 2017 Sep 26 ;8(43):73407-73418. Epub 2017 Aug 27. PMID: 29088716

Abstract Author(s):

Matthew L Fisher, Nicholas Ciavattone, Daniel Grun, Gautam Adhikary, Richard L Eckert

Article Affiliation:

Matthew L Fisher

Abstract:

Epidermal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is among the most common cancers. SCC can be treated by surgical excision, but recurrence of therapy-resistant disease is a major problem. We recently showed that YAP1, the Hippo signaling transcription adaptor protein, and∆Np63α, a key epidermal stem cell survival protein, form a complex to drive epidermal cancer stem cell survival. In the present study, we demonstrate that YAP1 and ∆Np63α are important sulforaphane cancer prevention targets. We show that sulforaphane treatment increases YAP1 phosphorylation and proteolytic degradation. The loss of YAP1 is associated with a reduction in ∆Np63α level and a reduction in ECS cell survival, spheroid formation, invasion and migration. Loss of YAP1 and ∆Np63α is mediated by the proteasome and can be inhibited by lactacystin treatment. YAP1 or ∆Np63α knockdown replicates the responses to sulforaphane, and restoration of YAP1 or ∆Np63α antagonizes sulforaphane action. Sulforaphane suppresses ECS cell tumor formation and this is associated with reduced levels of YAP1 and ∆Np63α. These studies suggest that YAP1 and ∆Np63α may be important sulforaphane cancer preventive targets in epidermal squamous cell carcinoma.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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