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Abstract Title:

Sulfonate modified Lactoferrin nanoparticles as drug carriers with dual activity against HIV-1.

Abstract Source:

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2020 Mar 18 ;191:110979. Epub 2020 Mar 18. PMID: 32276212

Abstract Author(s):

Jagadeesh Senapathi, Akhila Bommakanti, Suresh Mallepalli, Satyajit Mukhopadhyay, Anand K Kondapi

Article Affiliation:

Jagadeesh Senapathi

Abstract:

Intriguing properties and structural dynamics of Lactoferrin have been exploited in numerous applications, including its use as self-assembling, pH sensitive nanoparticles to deliver intended cargo at the disease site. In this study, we explore the possibility of surface modification of Lactoferrin nanoparticles to hone its specificity to target HIV-1 infected cells. Existence of free cysteine groups on Lactoferrin nanoparticles available for reaction with external molecules facilitates conjugation on the surface with Sodium 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate (MES). Conjugation with MES is used to edge a negative charge that can mimic CCR5 and Heparan sulfate (initial point of contact of HIV-1 env to host cell surface) electrostatic charge (Sulfate group). A simple sono-chemical irradiation method was employed for self-assembly of Nanoparticles and for surface modification. The nanoparticles serve dual purpose to abrogate extracellular entry and to target viral enzymes, when loaded with ART drugs. The morphology and size distribution of the formed particles were explored using Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Dynamic Light Scattering. Raman SERS was employed to understand the difference in the protein upon surface modification. The anti-HIV property of the particles was confirmed in-vitro. The modified device demonstrated acceptable nanoparticle properties with controlled release and higher effective concentration in the area of infection.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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