n/a
Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Shikonin inhibits CEBPD downregulation in IL‑17‑treated HaCaT cells and in an imiquimod‑induced psoriasis model.

Abstract Source:

Mol Med Rep. 2020 Sep ;22(3):2263-2272. Epub 2020 Jul 9. PMID: 32705251

Abstract Author(s):

Xiao-Ou Lan, He-Xiao Wang, Rui-Qun Qi, Yuan-Yuan Xu, Ya-Jie Yu, Yang Yang, Hao Guo, Xing-Hua Gao, Long Geng

Article Affiliation:

Xiao-Ou Lan

Abstract:

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by well‑defined scaly papules and plaques. Interleukin (IL)‑17 is involved in its pathogenesis and promotes the proliferation of epidermal keratinocytes through signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) activation. Shikonin, a natural naphthoquinone isolated from Lithospermum erythrorhizon, possesses anti‑inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties and can suppress IL‑17‑induced vascular endothelial growth factor expression by inhibiting the JAK/STAT3 pathway. In the present study, MTS, iCELLigence and RT‑qPCR were used to determine the optimal concentration and duration of IL‑17 or shikonin acting on HaCaT cells. The changes in the expression levels of genes associated with the IL‑6/STAT3 pathway in differentially treated cells were analyzed via RT2Profiler™ PCR Array. Small interfering RNA was used to silence the expression levels of the target gene CCAAT/enhancer‑binding protein δ (CEBPD). Western blotting and immunohistochemistry were used to evaluate the effect of shikonin on imiquimod‑induced psoriasis in mice and the expression levels of CEBPD. Shikonin reversed IL‑17‑mediated downregulation of the tumor suppressor CEBPD in HaCaT cells.Moreover, low levels of CEBPD in the imiquimod‑induced mouse model of psoriasis were restored by shikonin treatment, which ameliorated excessive keratinocyte proliferation. Taken together, these findings suggest that CEBPD plays a key role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis and can be targeted by shikonin as a potential therapeutic strategy.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.