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Abstract Title:

Schisanhenol improves learning and memory in scopolamine-treated mice by reducing acetylcholinesterase activity and attenuating oxidative damage through SIRT1-PGC-1α-Tau signaling pathway.

Abstract Source:

Int J Neurosci. 2019 Feb ;129(2):110-118. Epub 2018 Oct 30. PMID: 30033800

Abstract Author(s):

Yunfeng Han, Hongyan Yang, Libo Li, Xiaohui Du, Chao Sun

Article Affiliation:

Yunfeng Han

Abstract:

PURPOSE: Schisanhenol is a compound derived from the fruit of a traditional Chinese herb Schisandra rubriflora. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of Schisanhenol on the cognitive impairment induced by scopolamine.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Male mice were randomly divided into three Schisanhenol groups (10, 30, 100 mg/kg), Galantamine group (3 mg/kg), model group (1mg/kg scopolamine), and vehicle control group (normal saline). The learning and memory ability of mice was monitored by water morris maze. Hippocampus of mice were collected after behavioral testing and the activity of SOD, MDA, GSH-px, AChE were measured with standard biochemical procedures. Western blotting was used to analyze the expression of SIRT1, PGC-1α, phosphorylated Tau proteins.

RESULTS: Intraperitoneal administration of Schisanhenol (10, 30 or 100 mg/kg) significantly attenuated scopolamine-induced cognitive impairment in water morris maze. In addition, Schisanhenol increased the activity of SOD and GSH-px while decreased the content of AChE and MDA. Furthermore, western blotting analysis revealed that Schisanhenol increased the levels of SIRT1 and PGC-1α and decreased the level of phosphorylated Tau protein (Ser 396) significantly in the hippocampal tissues.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicated that Schisanhenol can attenuate scopolamine-induced learning impairment and enhance cognitive function, the mechanism via improve the cholinergic system and antioxidant ability, activate SIRT1-PGC1α signaling, inhibit the phosphorylation of Tau, and would be an effective candidate against cognitive disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease.

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