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Abstract Title:

Impact ofL. on Metabolic Profile in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus or Metabolic Syndrome: A Systematic Review.

Abstract Source:

Nutrients. 2020 May 14 ;12(5). Epub 2020 May 14. PMID: 32423173

Abstract Author(s):

Parthena Giannoulaki, Evangelia Kotzakioulafi, Michail Chourdakis, Apostolos Hatzitolios, Triantafyllos Didangelos

Article Affiliation:

Parthena Giannoulaki

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Experimental studies demonstrated a positive effect of administration ofL. (saffron) and its bioactive ingredients on metabolic profile through their antioxidant capacity.

PURPOSE: To determine if the use of saffron in humans is beneficial to patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) or metabolic syndrome (MS).

METHODS: This systematic review includes 14randomized control trials that investigated the impact of saffron administration and its bioactive ingredient crocin on the metabolic profile of patients with DM, MS, prediabetes, and coronary artery disease. We documented the following clinical outcomes: fasting blood glucose (FBG), glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, systolic, and diastolic blood pressure.

RESULTS: Eight studies examined the efficacy of saffron in patients with DM, four with the metabolic syndrome, one with prediabetes and one with coronary artery disease. A favorable effect on FBG was observed. The results regarding blood lipids and blood pressure were inconclusive in the current review.

CONCLUSIONS: According to the available limited evidence, saffron may have a favorable effect on FBG. Many of the studies in the reviewed literature are of poor quality, and more research is needed in this direction to confirm and establish the above findings.

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Sayer Ji
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