Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Wound Healing Effects of Rose Placenta in a Mouse Model of Full-Thickness Wounds.

Abstract Source:

Arch Plast Surg. 2015 Nov ;42(6):686-94. Epub 2015 Nov 16. PMID: 26618114

Abstract Author(s):

Yang Woo Kim, Seung Ryeol Baek, Eun Sook Lee, Sang Ho Lee, Sang Hyun Moh, Soo Yun Kim, Ji Hong Moh, Chieko Kondo, Young Woo Cheon

Article Affiliation:

Yang Woo Kim

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Rosa damascena, a type of herb, has been used for wound healing in Eastern folk medicine. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of rose placenta from R. damascena in a full-thickness wound model in mice.

METHODS: Sixty six-week-old C57BL/6N mice were used. Full-thickness wounds were made with an 8-mm diameter punch. Two wounds were made on each side of the back, and wounds were assigned randomly to the control and experimental groups. Rose placenta (250µg) was injected in the experimental group, and normal saline was injected in the control group. Wound sizes were measured with digital photography, and specimens were harvested. Immunohistochemical staining was performed to assess the expression of epidermal growth factor (EGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), and CD31. Vessel density was measured. Quantitative analysis using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for EGF was performed. All evaluations were performed on postoperative days 0, 2, 4, 7, and 10. Statistical analyses wereperformed using the paired t-test.

RESULTS: On days 4, 7, and 10, the wounds treated with rose placenta were significantly smaller. On day 2, VEGF and EGF expression increased in the experimental group. On days 7 and 10, TGF-β1 expression decreased in the experimental group. On day 10, vessel density increased in the experimental group. The increase in EGF on day 2 was confirmed with ELISA.

CONCLUSIONS: Rose placenta was found to be associated with improved wound healing in a mouse full-thickness wound model via increased EGF release. Rose placenta may potentially be a novel drug candidate for enhancing wound healing.

Study Type : Animal Study
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