n/a
Abstract Title:

A Review on the Antinociceptive Effects of Mitragyna speciosa and Its Derivatives in Animal Model.

Abstract Source:

Curr Drug Targets. 2017 Sep 25. Epub 2017 Sep 25. PMID: 28950813

Abstract Author(s):

Kok-Yong Chin, Wun Fui Mark-Lee

Article Affiliation:

Kok-Yong Chin

Abstract:

Mitragyna speciosa is a tropical plant with narcotic effects. The antinociceptive effects of its crude extracts, bioactive compounds and structurally modified derivatives have been examined in rodent models. This review aims to summarize the evidence on the antinociceptive effects of M. speciosa and its derivatives and explore whether they can offer an alternative to morphine in pain management. Methanolic and alkaloid extracts of M. speciosa were shown to attenuate the nociceptive response in rodents. Mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine offered better antinociceptive effects than crude extracts. Structurally modified derivatives of 7-hydroxymitragynine, such as MGM-9, MGM-15, MGM-16, demonstrated superior antinociceptive effects compared to morphine. M. speciosa and its derivatives mainly act on the opioid receptor, but receptor subtypes specificity differs between each compounds. The tolerance and adverse side effects of M. speciosa and its derivatives are similar with morphine. The affinity of MGM-9 on kappa-opioid receptor could potentially limit the effects of drug dependence. In conclusion, M speciosa derivatives can offer alternatives to morphine in controlling chronic pain. Structural modification of mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine can generate compounds with higher potency and lesser side-effects. Human clinical trials are required to validate the use of these compounds in clinical setting.

Study Type : Review
Additional Links
Pharmacological Actions : Antinoceceptive : CK(492) : AC(153)

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.