Abstract Title:

Protective effect of resveratrol on acute endotoxemia-induced nephrotoxicity in rat through nitric oxide independent mechanism.

Abstract Source:

Free Radic Res. 2008 Nov;42(11-12):913-20. PMID: 19031312

Abstract Author(s):

Hichem Sebai, Mossadok Ben-Attia, Mamane Sani, Ezzedine Aouani, Néziha Ghanem-Boughanmi

Abstract:

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a glycolipid component of the cell wall of gram negative bacteria inducing deleterious effects on the kidney. Endotoxemia-induced nephrotoxicity is characterized by disturbed intracellular redox balance and reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation leading to DNA, proteins and membrane lipid damages. Resveratrol (trans-3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) is a polyphenol displaying antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. This study investigated its effects on LPS-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Resveratrol counteracted all LPS-induced changes in renal haemodynamic parameters. In the kidney resveratrol abrogated LPS-induced lipoperoxidation and antioxidant enzyme activities depletion as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) but not peroxidase (POD) activity. LPS increased plasma and urine nitric oxide (NO) level and resveratrol reversed them. More importantly, LPS-induced iron mobilization from plasma to kidney, which was also abolished by resveratrol treatment. All these results suggest that resveratrol exerted strong antioxidant properties against LPS-induced nephrotoxicity and that its mode of action seemed to involve iron shuttling proteins.

 

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.