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Abstract Title:

Tetramethylpyrazine regulates breast cancer cell viability, migration, invasion and apoptosis by affecting the activity of Akt and caspase-3.

Abstract Source:

Oncol Lett. 2018 Apr ;15(4):4557-4563. Epub 2018 Jan 24. PMID: 29541225

Abstract Author(s):

Jianliang Shen, Linwen Zeng, Liangming Pan, Shaofeng Yuan, Ming Wu, Xiongdong Kong

Article Affiliation:

Jianliang Shen


Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP), an effective component of the traditional Chinese medicine Chuanxiong Hort, has been proven to exhibit a beneficial effect in a number of types of malignant epithelial cancer. However, the mode of action of TMP on breast cancer cells remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the regulatory effect of TMP on breast cancer cells and its underlying molecular mechanism of action. Different concentrations of TMP were used to treat breast cancer cells, and subsequently, the effects on the viability, apoptosis, and migration and invasion abilities were determined. In addition, the expression and activity levels of the protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway and caspase-3 were explored via reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. The results of the present study revealed that TMP significantly inhibited the viability, migration and invasion rates, and increased the apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells in a dose-dependent manner. The minimum effective dose was ~1,600µM. Additional mechanistic studies demonstrated that 1,600 and 3,200 µM TMP significantly decreased the gene expression and activity of Akt and increased the activity of caspase-3. This mechanism may be responsible for the inhibition of viability, migration and invasion, and activation of apoptosis in breast cancer cells. The results of the present study suggested that TMP may be used in chemotherapy against breast cancer.

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