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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Melittin inhibits the invasion of MCF-7 cells by downregulating CD147 and MMP-9 expression.

Abstract Source:

Oncol Lett. 2017 Feb ;13(2):599-604. Epub 2016 Dec 20. PMID: 28356935

Abstract Author(s):

Jianjun Wang, Fengyu Li, Jiang Tan, Xuewei Peng, Lili Sun, Ping Wang, Shengnan Jia, Qingmiao Yu, Hongliang Huo, Hongyan Zhao

Article Affiliation:

Jianjun Wang

Abstract:

Tumor invasion and metastasis are the critical steps in determining the aggressive phenotype of human cancers. Melittin, a major component of bee venom, has been reported to induce apoptosis in several cancer cells. However, the mechanisms of melittin involvement in cancer invasion and metastasis remain unclear. Our previous study indicated that melittin inhibits cyclophilin A (CypA), a ubiquitously distributed peptidylprolyl cis-trans isomerase, in macrophage cells. In the present study, the Transwell assay results showed that melittin may downregulate the invasion level of MCF-7 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Additionally, it was also found, using flow cytometry and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, that melittin decreased the expression of cluster of differentiation (CD)147 and matrix metallopeptidase-9 (MMP-9), whereas CypA upregulated the expression of CD147 and MMP-9. Overall, the present study indicated that melittin decreased the invasion level of MCF-7 cells by downregulating CD147 and MMP-9 by inhibiting CypA expression. The results of the present study provide an evidence for melittin in anticancer therapy and mechanisms.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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