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Abstract Title:

Public exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields in everyday microenvironments: An updated systematic review for Europe.

Abstract Source:

Environ Res. 2019 09 ;176:108517. Epub 2019 May 31. PMID: 31202043

Abstract Author(s):

Hamed Jalilian, Marloes Eeftens, Mansour Ziaei, Martin Röösli

Article Affiliation:

Hamed Jalilian

Abstract:

Communication technologies are rapidly changing and this may affect public exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF). This systematic review of literature aims to update a previous review on public everyday RF-EMF exposure in Europe, which covered publications until 2015. From 144 eligible records identified by means of a systematic search in PubMed, Embase and Web of Knowledge databases, published between May 2015 and 1 July 2018, 26 records met the inclusion criteria. We extracted quantitative data on public exposure in different indoors, outdoors and transport environments. The data was descriptively analyzed with respect to the exposure patterns between different types of environments. Mean RF-EMF exposure in homes, schools and offices were between 0.04 and 0.76 V/m. Mean outdoor exposure values ranged from 0.07 to 1.27 V/m with downlink signals from mobile phone base stations being the most relevant contributor. RF-EMF levels tended to increase with increasing urbanity. Levels in public transport (bus, train and tram) and cars were between 0.14 and 0.69 V/m. The highest levels, up to 1.97 V/m, were measured in public transport stations with downlink as the most relevant contributor. In line with previous studies, RF-EMF exposure levels were highest in the transportation systems followed by outdoor and private indoor environments. This reviewdoes not indicate a noticeable increase in everyday RF-EMF exposure since 2012 despite increasing use of wireless communication devices.

Study Type : Review

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