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Abstract Title:

The protective role of tetramethylpyrazine against cisplatin-induced ototoxicity.

Abstract Source:

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2017 Mar ;94:1-7. Epub 2017 Jan 5. PMID: 28166996

Abstract Author(s):

Ali Bayram, Altan Kaya, Ebru Akay, İbrahim Hıra, İbrahim Özcan

Article Affiliation:

Ali Bayram

Abstract:

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) on cisplatin-induced ototoxicity in rats.

METHODS: Forty healthy, female, 24-week-old, Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 40) were randomly assigned to four groups as follows: group one (n = 10) received intraperitoneal (i.p.) physiological saline at daily doses of 3 mg/kg for seven days; group two (n = 10) received a single dose of i.p. 15 mg/kg cisplatin; group three (n = 10) received i.p. 140 mg/kg TMPdaily for seven days plus a single dose of i.p. 15 mg/kg cisplatin on the fourth day; group four (n = 10) received i.p. 140 mg/kg TMP daily for seven days. Auditory brainstem response (ABR) and distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) measurements were obtained from the animals (40 rats,80 ears) under general anesthesia before and after drug administration. The temporal bulla of animals were bilaterally removed for immunohistopathological examination.

RESULTS: In group two, DPOAE and ABR values were significantly deteriorated after drug administration, whereas there was no statistically significant difference between the pre- and posttreatment DPOAE and ABR values for all frequencies for groups one, three and four. The mean scores for external ciliated cells (ECCs), stria vascularis (SV) and spiral ganglion (SG) injuries in hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, and also caspase-3 immunoreactivity were significantly higher in group two than in the other groups.

CONCLUSION: In the present study, the protective effect of TMP on cisplatin ototoxicity was demonstrated through studies of electrophysiology and immunohistopathology. Co-administration of TMP may have potential protective effects against cisplatin-induced ototoxicity.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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