n/a
Abstract Title:

Potential roles of dietary flavonoids from Citrus aurantium L. var. amara Engl. in atherosclerosis development.

Abstract Source:

Food Funct. 2019 Dec 18. Epub 2019 Dec 18. PMID: 31850465

Abstract Author(s):

Chun-Yan Shen, Jia-Jun Lin, Jian-Guo Jiang, Tian-Xing Wang, Wei Zhu

Article Affiliation:

Chun-Yan Shen

Abstract:

Dietary consumption of flavonoids correlated positively with lower risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the precise roles of flavonoids from the blossoms of Citrus aurantium Linn variant amara Engl (CAVA) in atherosclerosis (AS) are still poorly understood. This study aimed to find novel flavonoid-type skeletons with protection against AS. Total flavonoids (CAVAF), homoeriodictyol (HE) and hesperetin-7-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (HG) were isolated from the blossoms of Citrus aurantium Linn variant amara Engl. by chromatography. Their suppressive effects on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses and ox-LDL-induced foam cell formation were systematically and comparatively investigated using macrophage RAW264.7 cells. HE was more powerful than HG in inhibiting LPS-induced production of nitric oxide (NO), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) and gene expression in RAW264.7 cells. HE and HG showed different responses to extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK), P38, P65, IκBα, IκKα/β phosphorylation, and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) nuclear translocation. HE and HG also differentially decreased oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-induced foam cell formation by regulating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ), phospholipid ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1), phospholipid ATP-binding cassette transporter G1 (ABCG1), scavenger receptor class B type I (SRB1), scavenger receptor class A type I (SRA1) and cluster of differentiation 36 (CD36) expression atgene and protein levels in RAW264.7 cells. HG showed weaker potential than HE in preventing AS development. Their chemical differences might partially explain the discrepancy in their bioactivity. In conclusion, HE and HG might be developed into novel therapeutic agents against inflammation and AS-associated diseases.

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.