Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Inhibition of Specificity Protein 1 Is Involved in Phloretin-Induced Suppression of Prostate Cancer.

Abstract Source:

Biomed Res Int. 2020 ;2020:1358674. Epub 2020 Aug 10. PMID: 32851058

Abstract Author(s):

Dan Kang, Wenren Zuo, Qingxin Wu, Qingyi Zhu, Ping Liu

Article Affiliation:

Dan Kang


Phloretin is a flavonoid existed in various plants and has been reported to possess anticarcinogenic activity. However, the anticancer mechanism of phloretin in prostate cancer (PCa) remains unclear. Here, ourandexperimental data demonstrate that phloretin inhibits the phosphorylation and the activation of EGFR and then inhibits its downstream PI3K/AKT and MEK/ERK1/2 pathways in PCa cells. Inhibition of these two pathways further decreases expression of Sp1 by inhibitinggene transcription, induces degradation of Sp1 protein by inhibiting GSK3phosphorylation, suppresses nucleolin-enhanced translation of Sp1 mRNA by inhibiting nucleolin phosphorylation, and directly inactivates transcription activity of Sp1. Inhibition of Sp1 subsequently decreases the expression of Sp3/4, VEGF, and Survivin and then upregulates apoptosis-related proteins and downregulates cell cycle-related proteins in PCa cells. Finally, phloretin treatment in PCa cells induces cell growth inhibition and apoptosis, suggesting that phloretin may be an effective therapy compound in the treatment of prostate cancer.

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