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Abstract Title:

Inhibitory effect of paeoniflorin on methylglyoxal-mediated oxidative stress in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells.

Abstract Source:

Phytomedicine. 2014 Sep 15 ;21(10):1170-7. Epub 2014 Jun 7. PMID: 24916708

Abstract Author(s):

Eun Mi Choi, Kwang Sik Suh, Sang Youl Rhee, Young Seol Kim

Article Affiliation:

Eun Mi Choi

Abstract:

PURPOSE: Methylglyoxal (MG) has been suggested to be one major source of intracellular reactive carbonyl compounds. In the present study, the effect of paeoniflorin on MG-induced cytotoxicity was investigated using osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells.

METHODS: Osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells were pre-incubated with paeoniflorin before treatment with MG, and markers of oxidative damage and mitochondrial function were examined.

RESULTS: Pretreatment of MC3T3-E1 cells with paeoniflorin prevented the MG-induced cell death and formation of intracellular reactive oxygen species, cardiolipin peroxidation, and protein adduct in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. In addition, paeoniflorin increased glutathione level and restored the activity of glyoxalase I to almost the control level. These findings suggest that paeoniflorin provide a protective action against MG-induced cell damage by reducing oxidative stress and by increasing MG detoxification system. Pretreatment with paeoniflorin prior to MG exposure reduced MG-induced mitochondrial dysfunction by preventing mitochondrial membrane potential dissipation and adenosine triphosphate loss. Additionally, the nitric oxide and nuclear respiratory factor 1 levels were significantly increased by paeoniflorin, suggesting that paeoniflorin may induce mitochondrial biogenesis. Paeoniflorin treatment decreased the levels of proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α and IL-6.

CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that paeoniflorin might exert its therapeutic effects via upregulation of glyoxalase system and mitochondrial function. Taken together, paeoniflorin may prove to be an effective treatment for diabeteic osteopathy.

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